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Cake Firmness

Situation

firmness testing of pound cake

A processor of pound cakes knew the textures of their products could be different depending on which formulation was used and therefore needed an objective and quantifiable tool to measure the texture to correlate with the sensory testing.

The qualities of firmness and also springiness were regarded as the criteria to confidently differentiate between the alternative recipes.

 

Method

Samples were prepared by cutting approximately one inch thick slices. Care was taken to make sure that each slice was even and consistent. This was done so that a consistent representation of the product was presented to the texture system each time. The testing was done using a TMS-Pro Texture Analyzer fitted with a 100N load cell and a 25.4 mm (1”) Cylinder Probe. For each replication, the sample was twice compressed to 5 mm at a speed of 100 mm/min. The first compression was to determine the firmness of the product; the second one was to see how the product recovers after the first compression. The graph to the right shows Product A was firmer than Product B. Both products recovered to about 50% of their original form.

graph of firmness comparison results from the test

Significance

The TMS-Pro texture analyzer system along with the compression test proved to successsfully detect the differences in firmness of both cakes. The processor can use this test as a standard baseline or simply for comparison/correlation to their sensory tests.

cake firmness testing results data tables

Trusted by customers across the world

The University of Arizona’s Nutritional Sciences Food Lab acquired a Texture Analyzer from Food Technologies about 5 years ago. The company has a great product, which is tailored to food needs. 

We have used the Texture Analyzer for both research projects and as a tool to demonstrate to students how food manufacturers can employ objective testing in product evaluation to show how differing ingredients in the same product can affect quality attributes. Its use adds another dimension to the foods labs.

Drew Lambert has been instrumental in helping with set up for testing and providing support whenever there’s a question. He has been a pleasure to work with and is always accommodating with our needs and schedules.  He has even sent us special attachments for special projects.  We couldn’t ask for a better technical support.  Thanks for a great product and great service.

Patricia Sparks, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor of Practice
https://www.arizona.edu

My first contact with FTC was through buying texture analyzer equipment as my area of interest is Rheology. We faced a problem operating the appliance. The company tried hard to help us through the internet, but the University thought it was better to send me to the company branch located in England. I received a highly advanced training course for 10 days free of charge. They provided me with programs that operate the equipment along with the information needed.

It was a great effort and outstanding support. I would like to thank Shirl Lakeway and FTC for providing me with this opportunity and for his continuous help. Finally, I encourage researchers who are interested in the physical properties of foods and dairy to choose FTC as it is a respectable and dependable company and offers the best deals concerning prices and training with different languages, such as Arabic for the Middle East.

Professor Hoda El-Zeini, Dairy Science and Agriculture University - Cairo, Egypt
Professor
https://cu.edu.eg

Nestle purchased a texture system from Food Technology Corporation in 2006. Since then I have recommended the texture system to several vendors in North and Central America. Staff at FTC was able to develop a simple training manual and procedure for the texture system allowing easy training in short period of time.

From purchasing of equipment through to installation and start-up, the level of personal care and service was remarkable. Shirl Lakeway and his staff at Food Technology Corporation are patient and understanding, and are always at our disposal for any assistance. Since we bought the equipment we have had no problems and feel very secure knowing that we can count on FTC for their support and service.

Dr Mawele Shamaila, Nestle - USA
http://www.nestleusa.com/